Thursday, April 14, 2022

The system is biased against wage earners

by Charles M. Lepkowsky, Ph.D

There are also flaws (intentional?) in 'the system' that keeps most of us 'down,' especially limiting upward mobility now vs. 50 years ago.

Wages have not kept pace with the cost of living. Even the very conservative US Department of Labor's inflation calculator indicates that $100 dollars in 1972 would buy as much as $687.81 today:


The median US income in 1972 was $11,120.


The median US cost of a home in 1972 was $27,571.86.


The cost of that 1972 home divided by the median 1972 income is 2.48. IOW, a house cost about 2 1/2 year of income.

That equation carried over to rental costs, which were commensurately affordable.

The median income in the U.S. in 2022 is $44,225.


The median US cost of a home in 2022 is $392,000.


The current cost of a home divided by the current median income is 8.86. IOW, a house today costs about 9 years of income.

That means that dollar for dollar, housing alone costs 3.6 times as much as it did in 1972 (an increase of 260%).

There are numerous other factors that keep most of us from improving our financial status, but everyone needs a place to live.

Charles M. Lepkowsky, Ph.D. 

Tuesday, March 29, 2022

Was the war on drugs good social policy?


 Was the war on drugs good social policy?

No, it had tragic consequences in the U.S. which created even worse problems and worse consequences that the original impact of drug abuse it was designed to curtail and mitigate. It is another example of how the solution became a problem worse than the original problem 

Substance misuse can be focused on as a supply problem or a demand problem. Unfortunately, conservative thinking dealt with it as a supply problem even though it was well known that prohibition didn't work to control the negative consequences of alcohol misuse.

Liberal thinking dealt with substance misuse as a demand problem. Prevention and treatment programs were proposed and implemented in a limited manner due to a lack of resources.

Public thinking is slowly shifting over 60 years and substance misuse is increasingly seen as a public health problem. Advocacy for funding of public health, treatment, and community prevention programs is necessary if we are to improve the overall health of our society.

For more see "How The Drug War Died" by Maia Szalavitz, The Nation, 04/04/11/2022.




Indicators of systemic racism - Arrest rates for possession of marijuana in U.S. for blacks and whites

 


From Blunt Equity by Tavian Crosland, The Nation, 04/4/11/22

Sunday, March 27, 2022

It's not what your think but how you think that makes a difference.


There are various polls which attempt to elicit the public's opinions about executive performance of the Federal government and the popularity of the President..

There are meta questions that might be asked such as what is the purpose of these polls, what are they attempting to measure, and what do the measures indicate?

Charles M. Johnston, the cultural psychiatrist who heads up the Institute For Creative Development, and who wrote a wonderful book, Perspective and Guidance For A Time Of Deep Discord, teaches that it is not what people think but how people think that is the basis of the problems we are seeing in our increasingly polarized country and world.

While polling may give us some indication of what people think, although this claim is debatable, they do not inform us about how they think. Cognitive science studies have found that people who are called "conservative" and "liberal" think differently and even may have different brain structures that can be identified on brain scans.

Along this line of thought one might want to know why people think the way they do - is it nature or nurture or a combination or something else?

The human brain is hard wired for dichotomous thinking with the amygdala, fight/flight/fright adrenaline activating region of the brain, being most basic in our emotional and behavioral response until the prefrontal cortex can take over the emotional arousal and provide a cognitive analysis and assessment.

If polls are used to predict how people will vote by triggering them with "hot button" issues the responses will vary based on the activation of the amygdala and the individual's ability to self regulate their emotional arousal until the prefrontal cortex can provide the ability to analyze and choose a deliberate and purposeful way of proceeding.

If the goal is to help people better vet political candidates for their vote, it seems that polling is not only not helpful but is actually harmful as is negative campaigning. What is a better way to assess a person's deeper feelings, beliefs, and thoughts about a political topic? There are some methods that have been developed and utilized. Two might be focus groups and caucusing as they do in Iowa and ranked choice voting that is being experimented with in some states.

The idea of encouraging dichotomous thinking for a democracy is dysfunctional and leads to authoritarianism as we have seen in recent years and social media has made it worse because social media often is more amygdala activating which Donald Trump and others have mastered. Social media does not lend itself by virtue of its format to thoughtful thinking. If we are to move our democracy forward we can find better ways to interact and communicate with each other, and educating people about the limits and pernicious effects of polling would be a step forward.


Friday, March 25, 2022

Representational incompetence - Claudia Tenney, congresswoman from Central New York.

From America Magazine, March, 2022, Political Leaders: Heed Ignatius by Linda LeMura 


One example was an attack on the faith and character of Pope Francis, the spiritual leader of the Catholic Church, last October. It was particularly troubling for two reasons: it originated close to Le Moyne’s Central New York home, and it came from an elected official, U.S. Representative Claudia Tenney. On Twitter, a platform devoted to small ideas and grand postures, Ms. Tenney responded to a photo of Pope Francis shaking hands with House Speaker Nancy Pelosi by referring to them as “just two communists.”

Editor's Note: Claudia Tenney is a Republican member of the U. S, House of Representatives elected by voters to represent them in Central New York State just east of Syracuse from Oswego to the north to Binghamton on the south.

Representative Tenney's tweet is an argumentum ad hominem and a symptom of representational incompetence.

The good people of central New York deserve better representation and should reconsider their electoral options for representatives who have more constructive values and ways of thinking and communicating.